The government provides Primary schooling (P-1 to P-7 - Kindergarten to Grade 6 in AUS) and Secondary schooling(S-1 to S-6 - Year 7 to Year 12 in AUS).
With major exams at P-7, S-4 & S-6 levels, if exam scores are not high enough, then students are not allowed to continue school. Students who do not have high enough exam scores may consider Vocational training,
but that can be very costly to an average Ugandan household. The Ugandan government allows three children from each family to attend primary school with a program called UPE - Universal Primary Education.
Private schools are very common, and also a common choice for students and families in Uganda if they are able to afford the school fees, materials and necessery personal items.
If a child intends to go to university, sometimes the closest government school is considered to have a "lower standard" due to the condition of the school, the quality of education delivery and a "higher standard" school is necessary in order to pass the exams needed to enter the university.
When a "higher standard" school isn't easily accessible, or living standards aren't suitable to the amount of studying required, a boarding school is a great option for children looking to gain an education.
Secondary schools can have boarding sections or the entire secondary school may only be a boarding school.
Goverment schools can be extremely crowded, with over 60 children in one single classroom. In rural areas, some schools may not even have facilities, leading to an entire curriculum
being taught outside under a tree. Due to gender equality issues in Uganda, Africa.